Forget nata de coco. Or coconut vinegar. Or coconut wine from coconut water. Passé they all are in light of the food crisis obtaining in the Philippines. To nip in the bud this penchant for importing foodstuffs, foremost of which is rice, the focus should be on organic fertilizers so as to triple up the country’s food production.
There are two types of organic fertilizer: the foliar or liquid and the powder or flake. Utilizing coconut water for fertilization falls under the first category.
From copra production, the Philippines throws away 16 billion liters of coconut water per annum. In and of itself, coconut water is a complete food for the coconut embryo. The putrid smell from its decomposition is a testament that coconut water is full of nutrients, reminding you of the protein shake that you forgot to dispose of, which assaults your nostrils upon putrefaction. Indeed, the foul smell of a decomposing substance indicates that it is a good source of fertilizer after fermentation and ageing.
Analysis of Mature and Tender Coconut Water
|Mature Coconut Water||Tender Coconut Water|
|Reducing sugars %||0.2||4.4|
|Acidity mg %||60.0||120.0|
|Magnesium mg %||15.0||10.0|
|Source: Satyavati Krishnankutty (1987)|
From the analysis above by Satyavati Krishnankutty (1987), coconut water is rich in potassium–the “K” in N-P-K in commercial fertilizers. At the same time, coconut water is not that rich in protein (< 1%), which upon decomposition, yields nitrogen.
What then is the process? First we have to gather the coconut water. Then, we inoculate it with lactobacillus, 10% by volume. We then add top layer bat guano (nitrogen rich) and middle layer bat guano (phosphorus rich), both of which should constitute 20% of the whole mixture. Then we let the whole thing ferment anaerobically for 30 days. We then heat up the liquid fertilizer to kill undesirable organisms.
To use the fertilizer, we add plain water and a little coconut oil or soapy water as surfactant, one part liquid fertilizer to one-and-a-half parts water. Bingo, we now have the best liquid organic fertilizer which we can use for our rice plants, vegetables and fruit trees.