Let’s have a focus on the coconut and the new and revolutionary things that we can do with it.
Hereabouts, we call the coconut, the tree of life, for the reason that every part of it is of beneficial use to man.
Even as the country is a major coconut producer, the Philippines is most of the time stymied in revolutionary ways of utilizing the coconut, nay, the thinking-out-of-the-box approach in dealing with this abundant and sustainable resource. For instance, billions and billions of liters of coconut water is just thrown away and is never brought to use.
Then, with the exception of India, the coconut husk in the Philippines is just another fuel to dry the copra, and the excess, which is very considerable, is just left to rot away or left on the ground, only to be the habitat for rats and other vermin.
Which begs the question: Can’t we use the coconut husk—it being light and airy– as base for an organic fertilizer? Indeed we can, and let us count the ways.
Wikipedia has this illustration re the parts of the coconut fruit. The coconut husk skin is called exocarp, which is waxy and is therefore difficult to decompose. On the other hand, the inner part of the husk, the mesocarp, is softer and watery—and this is the part that can decompose faster, given the right mix.
Therefore, to accelerate its use as fertilizer base, there has to be a substance, nay fungi, that will hasten the husk’s decomposition. And if you go to a logged forest, you would find fungi sticking out of dead and decomposing logs—these are called Saprophytic fungi —and can be tissue-cultured in agar medium in the laboratory Once we have the culture spawn, we can now apply it on the chopped coconut husk pile, not unlike we do in mushroom culture. Because of the spread of the saprophytic fungi in the pile, the whole thing will decompose twice as fast as without it.
The second phase of the process is now to age the husk compost with a combination of bat guano, chicken manure, humus and marble dust, which is plentiful and free in marble-cutting factories. The aging of approximately one month is finished and the fertilizer now undergoes heat treatment to sterilize it. Then, presto, we now have a top-of-the-line organic fertilizer, which we can further standardize for N-P-K- according to use. Such fertilizer we can package and sell at the Supermarket or in bulk to any comer.